Christmas | Euro Palace Casino Blog - Part 2
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Christmas | Euro Palace Casino Blog - Part 2 VideoLucky Twins online slot Euro Palace Casino
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Sep 26, See Article History. Read More on This Topic. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: A Christmas Carol , suddenly conceived and written in a few weeks in late , was the first of these Christmas books a new literary genre thus created incidentally.
Tossed off while he was amply engaged in writing Chuzzlewit , it was an extraordinary achievement—the…. Christmas is celebrated on December 24 with the traditional Julskinka ham.
Glogg, a mulled, spiced wine, is also enjoyed during this season. Now the Christmas tree is a fixture of Finnish Christmas celebrations, which also involve special foods, including rice porridge made with milk and cinnamon , a baked glazed ham,….
The government removed Christmas from its list of national holidays in The constitution of guaranteed limited religious freedoms, although it proclaimed scientific materialism as the basis of the state and of the educational system.
The invention of the Christmas books decorations Christmas tree In Christmas tree flowers and wreaths In floral decoration: Materials In floral decoration: Forms of floral decoration mistletoe In mistletoe View More.
The Celebration of the Birth of Jesus Christ. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Help us improve this article!
Contact our editors with your feedback. Introduction Origin and development Contemporary customs in the West Contemporary customs in Eastern and Oriental Orthodoxy Contemporary customs in other areas.
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Christianity, major religion, stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus of Nazareth the…. As of , there is a difference of 13 days between the Julian calendar and the modern Gregorian calendar , which is used internationally for most secular purposes.
As a result, December 25 on the Julian calendar currently corresponds to January 7 on the calendar used by most governments and people in everyday life.
Therefore, the aforementioned Orthodox Christians mark December 25 and thus Christmas on the day that is internationally considered to be January 7.
However, other Orthodox Christians, such as those belonging to the jurisdictions of Bulgaria , Greece , Romania , Constantinople , Antioch , Alexandria , Albania , Cyprus , Finland , and the Orthodox Church in America , among others, began using the Revised Julian calendar in the early 20th century, which at present corresponds exactly to the Gregorian calendar.
A further complication is added by the fact that the Armenian Apostolic Church continues the original ancient Eastern Christian practice of celebrating the birth of Christ not as a separate holiday, but on the same day as the celebration of his baptism Theophany , which is on January 6.
This is a public holiday in Armenia, and it is held on the same day that is internationally considered to be January 6, because the Armenian Church in Armenia uses the Gregorian calendar.
However, there is also a small Armenian Patriarchate of Jerusalem , which maintains the traditional Armenian custom of celebrating the birth of Christ on the same day as Theophany January 6 , but uses the Julian calendar for the determination of that date.
As a result, this church celebrates "Christmas" more properly called Theophany on the day that is considered January 19 on the Gregorian calendar in use by the majority of the world.
In summary, there are four different dates used by different Christian groups to mark the birth of Christ, given in the table below. Christmas is typically a peak selling season for retailers in many nations around the world.
Sales increase dramatically as people purchase gifts, decorations, and supplies to celebrate. In the UK and Ireland, the Christmas shopping season starts from mid-November, around the time when high street Christmas lights are turned on.
In other sectors, the pre-Christmas increase in spending was even greater, there being a November—December buying surge of percent in bookstores and percent in jewelry stores.
In the same year employment in American retail stores rose from 1. In most Western nations, Christmas Day is the least active day of the year for business and commerce; almost all retail, commercial and institutional businesses are closed, and almost all industries cease activity more than any other day of the year , whether laws require such or not.
Scotland is currently planning similar legislation. Film studios release many high-budget movies during the holiday season, including Christmas films, fantasy movies or high-tone dramas with high production values to hopes of maximizing the chance of nominations for the Academy Awards.
One economist 's analysis calculates that, despite increased overall spending, Christmas is a deadweight loss under orthodox microeconomic theory , because of the effect of gift-giving.
This loss is calculated as the difference between what the gift giver spent on the item and what the gift receiver would have paid for the item.
Other deadweight losses include the effects of Christmas on the environment and the fact that material gifts are often perceived as white elephants , imposing cost for upkeep and storage and contributing to clutter.
Christmas has at times been the subject of controversy and attacks from various sources. Historically it was prohibited by Puritans when they briefly held power in England during the English Interregnum — , and in Colonial America where the Puritans outlawed the celebration of Christmas in Modern scholars such as E.
Sanders , Geza Vermes and Marcus Borg consider both Gospel narratives of the birth of Jesus to be non-historical, arguing that there are contradictions between them.
One controversy is the occurrence of Christmas trees being renamed Holiday trees. Supreme Court ruled in Lynch v. Donnelly that a Christmas display which included a Nativity scene owned and displayed by the city of Pawtucket, Rhode Island , did not violate the First Amendment.
American Muslim scholar Abdul Malik Mujahid has said that Muslims must treat Christmas with respect, even if they disagree with it.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Christmas disambiguation. For other uses, see Christmas Day disambiguation.
For Christmas traditions worldwide, see Christmas traditions. A depiction of the Nativity of Jesus with a Christmas tree backdrop.
The Herald Angels Sing. Santa Claus , Father Christmas , and Christkind. Christmas controversy and Christmas in Puritan New England.
Persecution of Christians in the Soviet Union. Christmas portal Holidays portal Christianity portal. The Roman calendar used inclusive counting, so the eight days are 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31 and 1.
Retrieved September 30, Retrieved December 16, World Religions in Practice. Coptic Orthodox Church Network. Retrieved January 17, The New York Times.
Identity Politics and Popular Practice. Robert Appleton Company, Armenian Churches observed the nativity on January 6 even before the Gregorian calendar originated.
Retrieved May 23, University of California Press. In the Council of Tours proclaimed that the entire period between Christmas and Epiphany should be considered part of the celebration, creating what became known as the twelve days of Christmas, or what the English called Christmastide.
On the last of the twelve days, called Twelfth Night, various cultures developed a wide range of additional special festivities.
The variation extends even to the issue of how to count the days. If December 26, the day after Christmas, is the first day, then Twelfth Night falls on January 6, the evening of Epiphany itself.
After Christmas and Epiphany were in place, on December 25 and January 6, with the twelve days of Christmas in between, Christians slowly adopted a period called Advent, as a time of spiritual preparation leading up to Christmas.
Introduction to Christian Liturgy. We noted above that late medieval calendars introduced a reduced three-day octave for Christmas, Easter, and Pentecost that were retained in Roman Catholic and passed into Lutheran and Anglican calendars.
Retrieved November 27, Office of Personnel Management. Retrieved November 18, The Christmas Encyclopedia 3 ed. Christians believe that a number of passages in the Bible are prophecies about future events in the life of the promised Messiah or Jesus Christ.
Most, but not all, of those prophecies are found in the Old Testament Born in Bethlehem Micah 5: A Biographical History of the Christian Church.
The birth narrative in Luke's gospel is one of the most familiar passages in the Bible. Leaving their hometown of Nazareth, Mary and Joseph travel to Bethlehem to pay taxes.
Arriving late, they find no vacancy at the inn. They are, however, offered a stable, most likely a second room attached to a family dwelling where animals were sheltered—a room that would offer some privacy from the main family room for cooking, eating, and sleeping.
This "city of David" is the little town of Bethlehem of Christmas-carol fame, a starlit silhouette indelibly etched on Christmas cards.
No sooner was the baby born than angels announced the news to shepherds who spread the word. Degenhard, Therese Brown, Robert C.
Prendergast, Sourcebook for Sundays, Seasons, and Weekdays Commemorations of the Martyrs" , The Tertullian Project.
Retrieved November 24, Retrieved April 2, Christmas is not really about the celebration of a birth date at all. It is about the celebration of a birth.
The fact of the date and the fact of the birth are two different things. The calendrical verification of the feast itself is not really that important What is important to the understanding of a life-changing moment is that it happened, not necessarily where or when it happened.
The message is clear: Christmas is not about marking the actual birth date of Jesus. It is about the Incarnation of the One who became like us in all things but sin Heb.
Christmas is a pinnacle feast, yes, but it is not the beginning of the liturgical year. It is a memorial, a remembrance, of the birth of Jesus, not really a celebration of the day itself.
We remember that because the Jesus of history was born, the Resurrection of the Christ of faith could happen.
The origins of the celebrations of Christmas and Epiphany, as well as the dates on which they are observed, are rooted deeply in the history of the early church.
There has been much scholarly debate concerning the exact time of the year when Jesus was born, and even in what year he was born.
Actually, we do not know either. The best estimate is that Jesus was probably born in the springtime, somewhere between the years of 6 and 4 BC, as December is in the middle of the cold rainy season in Bethlehem , when the sheep are kept inside and not on pasture as told in the Bible.
The lack of a consistent system of timekeeping in the first century, mistakes in later calendars and calculations, and lack of historical details to cross reference events has led to this imprecision in fixing Jesus' birth.
This suggests that the Christmas celebration is not an observance of a historical date, but a commemoration of the event in terms of worship. Throughout the Christian world the 25th of December is celebrated as the birthday of Jesus Christ.
There was a time when the churches were not united regarding the date of the joyous event. Many Christians kept their Christmas in April, others in May, and still others at the close of September, till finally December 25 was agreed upon as the most appropriate date.
The choice of that day was, of course, wholly arbitrary, for neither the exact date not the period of the year at which the birth of Christ occurred is known.
For purposes of commemoration, however, it is unimportant whether the celebration shall fall or not at the precise anniversary of the joyous event.
For Christians, the precise date of the birth of Jesus is actually something of a non-issue. What really matters is that he was born as a human being, and entered into human history.
While the Washington and King birthdays are exclusively secular holidays, Christmas has both secular and religious aspects. In a changing nation, Santa endures" , Associated Press, December 22, Robert Appleton Company, accessed December 21, Sinai and the Monastery of St.
Retrieved December 12, Commemorations of the Martyrs. See the first entry. Retrieved December 28, There is no doubt that A Christmas Carol is first and foremost a story concerned with the Christian gospel of liberation by the grace of God, and with incarnational religion which refuses to drive a wedge between the world of spirit and the world of matter.
Both the Christmas dinners and the Christmas dinner-carriers are blessed; the cornucopia of Christmas food and feasting reflects both the goodness of creation and the joy of heaven.
It is a significant sign of a shift in theological emphasis in the nineteenth century from a stress on the Atonement to a stress on the Incarnation, a stress which found outward and visible form in the sacramentalism of the Oxford Movement, the development of richer and more symbolic forms of worship, the building of neo-Gothic churches, and the revival and increasing centrality of the keeping of Christmas itself as a Christian festival.
By the later part of the century cathedrals provided special services and musical events, and might have revived ancient special charities for the poor — though we must not forget the problems for large: The popularity of Dickens' A Christmas Carol played a significant part in the changing consciousness of Christmas and the way in which it was celebrated.
The popularity of his public readings of the story is an indication of how much it resonated with the contemporary mood, and contributed to the increasing place of the Christmas celebration in both secular and religious ways that was firmly established by the end of the nineteenth century.
Retrieved December 25, Towards the Origin of Christmas. A sun connection is possible because Christians considered Jesus to be the "Sun of righteousness" prophesied in Malachi 4: You shall go out leaping like calves from the stall.
Retrieved February 24, Therefore let us celebrate the festival…" Tally, pp. The Origins of Christmas. Toward the Origins of Christmas.
Religionsgeschichtliche Untersuchungen , part 1. Note that the first edition, , doesn't have the discussion of Natalis Solis Invicti ; also Sol Invictus The Origins of the Liturgical Year.
Retrieved December 27, The Sun in the Art and Religions of Rome. Archived from the original on May 10, Theology, ritual, and kinship in music for John the Baptist and St.
The Oxford Companion to Christian Thought. Brunner, "Arnobius eine Zeuge gegen das Weihnachtsfest? Inscriptiones Latinae Antiquissimae , Berlin , pp.
Sermons for Christmas and Epiphany of Saint Augustine. Toward the Origin of Christmas. The Oxford History of Christian Worship.
Retrieved February 3, Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics. Archived from the original on April 30, Retrieved April 30, Retrieved October 19, The Man Who Invented Christmas: A Study in National Culture.
Retrieved November 19, Retrieved September 10, University Press of Kentucky. Milton was raised an Anglican, trained to become an Anglican minister, and remained an Anglican through the signing of the subscription books of Cambridge University in both and , which demanded an allegiance to the state church and its Thirty-nine Articles.
His father had wanted him to practice law but Milton considered writing poetry his life's work. At 21 years old, he wrote a poem, "On the morning of Christ's Nativity," a work that is still widely read during Christmas.
Reformed According to Scripture. Westminster John Knox Press. Within a few years the Reformed church calendar was fairly well established.
The heart of it was the weekly observance of the resurrection on the Lord's Day. Instead of liturgical seasons being observed, "the five evangelical feast days" were observed: They were chosen because they were understood to mark the essential stages in the history of salvation.
Journal of the History of Ideas. University of Pennsylvania Press. However, when Thomas Mocket, rector of Gilston in Hertfordshire, decried such vices in a pamphlet to justify the parliamentary 'ban' of Christmas, effective since June Domestic Annals of Scotland , p.
Archived from the original on May 19, Retrieved February 29, The Victorian Christmas Book. The Diary of a Country Parson — Celebrating America's Greatest Holiday.
Moravian Christmas in the South. Christmas in Colonial and Early America. World Book Encyclopedia, Inc. Carols were altered by substituting names of prominent political leaders for royal characters in the lyrics, such as the Three Kings.
Church bells were melted down for their bronze to increase the national treasury, and religious services were banned on Christmas Day. The cake of kings, too, came under attack as a symbol of the royalty.
It survived, however, for a while with a new name—the cake of equality. Archived from the original on November 1, How did people celebrate the Christmas during the French Revolution?
In white-knuckled terror behind closed doors. Churches across France were renamed "Temples of Reason" and the Notre Dame was "de-baptized" for the occasion.
The Commune spared no expense: Archived from the original PDF on June 3, Retrieved January 12, The Stations of the Sun: A History of the Ritual Year in Britain.
What Dickens did advocate in his story was "the spirit of Christmas". Sociologist James Barnett has described it as Dickens's "Carol Philosophy", which "combined religious and secular attitudes toward to celebration into a humanitarian pattern.
It excoriated individual selfishness and extolled the virtues of brotherhood, kindness, and generosity at Christmas. Dickens preached that at Christmas men should forget self and think of others, especially the poor and the unfortunate.
University of Toronto Press, , p. The Ritual Year in England. Oxford University Press, p. Christmas in My Heart , Volume 10, p.
Review and Herald Pub Assoc, Inverloch Historical Society Inc. Retrieved July 25, Compendium of symbolic and ritual plants in Europe , p.
Godey's copied it exactly, except he removed the Queen's tiara, and Prince Albert's moustache, to remake the engraving into an American scene.
Broadview Literary Texts, New York: The history of Christmas: Christmas history in America , Archived from the original on December 19, A History of Graphic Design.
Straus November 16, Retrieved January 2, The sketches feature a squire who invited the peasants into his home for the holiday.
In contrast to the problems faced in American society, the two groups mingled effortlessly. The family was also becoming less disciplined and more sensitive to the emotional needs of children during the early s.
As Americans began to embrace Christmas as a perfect family holiday, old customs were unearthed. People looked toward recent immigrants and Catholic and Episcopalian churches to see how the day should be celebrated.
In the next years, Americans built a Christmas tradition all their own that included pieces of many other customs, including decorating trees, sending holiday cards and gift-giving.
Although most families quickly bought into the idea that they were celebrating Christmas how it had been done for centuries, Americans had really re-invented a holiday to fill the cultural needs of a growing nation.
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Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. Long before the advent of Christianity, plants and trees that remained green all year had a special meaning for people in the winter.
Discover the history of the Christmas tree, from the earliest winter solstice celebrations, to Queen Victoria and all the way to the annual Christmas as we know it today is aVictorian invention of the s.
Probably the most celebrated holiday in the world, our modern Christmas is a product of hundreds of years of both secular and religious traditions from around the globe.
Discover the origins of Christmas The War on Christmas begins around the same time each year, when stores start peddling plastic Christmas trees and giant Santa Claus inflatables.
Depending on which media talking head is speaking, the war is either a subversive effort by left-wing liberals to erase all traces of The pious Puritans who sailed from England in to found the Massachusetts Bay Colony brought with them something that might seem surprising for a group of devout Christians—contempt for Christmas.
In a reversal of modern practices, the Puritans kept their shops and schools The man we know as Santa Claus has a history all his own.
Today, he is thought of mainly as the jolly man in red, but his story stretches all the way back to the 3rd century. Find out more about the history of Santa Claus from his earliest origins to the shopping mall favorite of But during the Third Reich, you were more likely to hear a hymn called Exalted Night instead of one about a silent night.
An Ancient Holiday The middle of winter has long been a time of celebration around the world. History of Santa Claus.
History of Christmas Trees. History of the Christmas Carol. History of Christmas Trees Long before the advent of Christianity, plants and trees that remained green all year had a special meaning for people in the winter.An adventure based online. Three to five Scatters will spirit you off to the Underworld Bonus Feature where, if you pick your doors carefully, you can score a massive boost to your balance. See more Beste Spielothek in Alberndorf finden about Art collages, Collage art and Painting. Sign up now 5 reasons to join. For more on this AU news story, click here. Tipico online casino Macau Palace Floating Casino test How to win blackjack red dead Chatroulette yahoo answers Red rock casino hell's. At least we decorate it to look a little bit more festive, but truth be told, it remains a strange tradition to put a tree inside a house.